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Test Integrity Strategies

In an effort to promote academic integrity in all our course offerings - traditional, hybrid, and online - UHD's Technology Teaching and Learning Center has compiled a list of available technology tools for instructors to consider implementing when creating and delivering their assessments online.

In addition to the technology strategies for preventing cheating in implementing online assessments, UHD's Center for Teaching and Learning Excellence has provided a list of
peer-reviewed publications on the topic of online learning and academic dishonesty.


System Strategy Helpful Documentation
Blackboard Randomize questions Create Random Question Sets
Blackboard Display one question at a time Editing the Test Presentation
Blackboard Prohibit back-tracking Editing the Test Presentation
Blackboard Limit test availability window  Limiting Test Availability
Blackboard Set a time limit Setting a Test Timer
Blackboard Password protection Setting a Password on a Test
Blackboard Limit feedback after completion Setting Result And Feedback Options
Turnitin Check papers for plagiarism Creating a Turnitin Assignment
Faronics Insight In class computer monitor proctoring Using the Insight Console
ProctorU Have remote exams proctored ProctorU Help Center
Respondus Lockdown Browser Require Lockdown Browser Enabling Lockdown Browser
Respondus Monitor Require video recording of testing Enabling Respondus Monitor
UHD Testing Services Face-to-face proctoring UHD Testing Services Page


 Online Learning and Academic Dishonesty in Academic Peer-reviewed Publications

Black, E. W., Greaser, J., & Dawson, K. (2008). Academic dishonesty in traditional and online classrooms: Does the “media equation” hold true? Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 12, 23-30. Retrieved from

Chiesel, N. (2007). Pragmatic methods to reduce dishonesty in web-based courses. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 8, 203-2011. Retrieved from

Yates, R. W., & Beaudrie B. (2009). The impact of online assessment on grades in community college distance education mathematics courses. The American Journal of Distance Education, 23, 62-70. DOI: 10.1080/08923640902850601.

Englander, F., Fask, A., & Wang, Z. (2011). Comment on “The impact of online assessment on grades in community college distance education mathematics courses” by Ronald W. Yates and Brian Beaudrie. The American Journal of Distance Education, 25, 114-120. DOI: 10.1080/08923647.2011.565243.

Galbraith, M. W., & Jones, M. S. (2010). Understanding incivility in online teaching. Journal of Adult Education, 39, 1-10. Retrieved from

Harmon, O. R., & Lambrinos, J. (2008). Are online exams an invitation to cheat? Journal of Economic Education, 39, 116-125. DOI:10.3200/JECE.39.2.116-125.

Jocoy, C., & DiBiase, D. (2006). Plagiarism by adult learners online: A case study in detection and remediation. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 7, 1-15. Retrieved from

Khare, A., & Lam, H. (2008). Assessing student achievement and progress with online examinations: Some pedagogical and technical issues. Learning and Technology Library Retrieved

Klein, D. (2011). Why learners choose plagiarism: A review of literature. Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects, 7, 97-110. Retrieved from

Schmidt, S. M. P., Ralph, D. L., Buskirk, B. (2009). Utilizing online exams: A case study. Journal of College Teaching & Learning, 6, 1-8. Retrieved from

Spaulding, M. (2009). Perceptions of academic honesty in online vs. face-to-face classrooms. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 8, 183-198. Retrieved from

Styron, J., & Styron, Jr., R. A. (2010). Student cheating and alternative web-based assessment. Journal of College Teaching & Learning, 7, 37-42. Retrieved from

Underwood, J., & Szabo, A. (2003). Academic offense and e-learning: Individual propensities in cheating. British Journal of Educational Technology, 34, 467-477. DOI: 10.1111/1467-8535.00343.